I. Briefing

The modern whaling has been and remains a source of livelihood of world dimensions. When it comes to the number of the captives whale, harvesting the yield of oil m. m. projecting it high above both the old, European catch and the American sperm whaling. And, a dare today confidently say that modern whaling - quantitatively seen - stands as the incomparably greatest period in all havfangsts history.

About Norwegians efforts in this industry said the American researcher Karl Brandt 1940 with. a.: «Modern Whaling is an achievement of the Norwegians. They were its pioneers, are its most skilled masters, and rank to this day as the unchallenged leaders in efficiency»1) When the Norwegian companies in the years after World War II has retained its leading position in this area, dare one affirm that no other nation has done anywhere near as strong in the modern whaling, which the Norwegian.

Against this background it is natural that the Norwegian sydhavsselskapene have felt it as an obligation to get this nutrient road further explored and portrayed. When Bjarne Aagaard and other previously submitted detailed research about the geographical discoveries whaling has led to, will present works gather around the modern whaling- industry, its origin and development. The work must - according to plan - include three volumes: I. Finnmark catch (1864–1904), II. world catch (1905-that. 1922) and III. The pelagic catch (that. 1922 to our days).

When this bind in this way forms the introduction to a larger work, has found it appropriate to open it with three chapters that can serve as an introduction to the work as a whole.

The modern whaling is essentially different from the older, but there are still one clear relationship in this area and we have therefore sought to draw out the thread that binds the old and the new together.

The exploration of the first period in the modern history of whaling travels naturally the problem of how a world ensnæring being . to. Because the historical events in this case is so close to our own time and because the source material of the reason is so overwhelmingly rich and varied, it should be possible to shed light on the phenomenon of multiple pages. We have in this volume bl. a. sought to provide answers to the two questions: Why was the Norwegians pioneers within this industry? And why were Vestfold whaling county above all?

These questions arise undeniably interesting problems of high range. We stand right here faced with the peculiar fact that an industrial respect backward people were trailblazer for an industrialization of our world's whaling. We have sought to find an explanation for the international, the national and the regional level. A comparative study of folk biological and material terms the United States of and in Norway seems well on the way to give a satisfactory answer to the first question. At the national and 'regional plan, we have a relatively nuanced sought to account for a causal complex that clearly enough is widely branched. It has roots deep in the social conditions in Norway and especially in Oslo - by the mid-1800s and we have sought to prove them in a portrayal of these conditions, a portrayal while hopefully is suitable to give the subject we treat an adequate historic innramning.

With modern whaling held industrialization their triumfale entry into the hunting at sea. Svend Foyn grenade harpoon and his whale steamer was successful results of technical progress and proved as excellent tools in industrialization service. Therefore they created era. In the continued development within the whaling industry has the technical advances opened up new possibilities for the whaling industry. Inventions on oljeforedlingens area has the revolutionary way created bigger and better sales opportunities for the main product of the catch. Moreover, the rationalization of the floating factory ships and a wide range of innovations in the technical area created entirely new conditions for the harvesting and production.

In a work on modern whaling falls therefore natural to devote great attention to the technical side of development, to catch- and the production method. This applies particularly for the basic period which is treated in this volume. What happened later in harvesting, production, changes in whale boat teamwork and capture missions factory society, it falls naturally to see as a further development on the foundation that was laid in the period 1864-1904. The same applies to capture companies' organization, and hire party system m. m. We have therefore focused on providing a rich preparing these conditions.

A large part of deitte volume is devoted to a depiction of Finnmark the catch origins and iptvikling even year 1904. Pioneer Lifetime up 1883 is intentionally subjected to a relatively, wide treatment. This is done partly because it seems of considerable interest to clarify this nutrient genesis, partly because this period provides an especially dramatic course of events and the rare examples mannsdåd and dedication. This battle with the forces of nature northern ocean may well deserve their epics and hopefully later get it.

The creation of an industry of world dimensions are always the result of a vast interplay of opportunity and effort. In our case of opportunities that draw capital, ingenuity and labor of a field to another and leaving behind a vacuum which sucks other similar powers up. Looking at this vast interplay of one, seems undeniable that the individuals driven passively with that in a whirl, and perhaps it is so.

Taking a careful part of the whole up to closer scrutiny, it turns out that a number of the individuals which are clearly different from the gray mass thanks to their inherent qualities and strength and because of their specific reactions to the present opportunities. Within each of the three sections of the modern whaling history is that a number of people who have made particularly evident by their efforts and who consequently that it is natural to stick closer to the. When it comes to the modern whaling creation, there are many who deserve to be reminded - both foreigners and Norwegians -, and it is in this volume made a serious attempt to point out the real merits of each one has admitted in this area. There is still one person who looms high above all others in this book, and it is Foyn. The richly preserved source material provides overwhelming evidence that his efforts were unusually large and significant. It's probably very rare that a single person has such a big part in the founding of an industry branch of a larger size. Foyn possessed quite distinctive capabilities and properties, he was a very force of nature that time took in his ministry.

In the first main period of modern whaling was whale mainly caught along Norway's northern coasts of men from Vestfold. The fishing activities vestfoldingene introduced on the coast of Finnmark, represented something revolutionary and the grip in many ways interfere in something "underdeveloped" conditions of life as it once ruled the land where north. The men from the south brought riches in the coastal waters of Finnmark, and these profits give the relatively poor indigenous fish population little or no part in the. On the contrary, they got some discomfort of smelly whale carcasses and a hunting and shooting as urodde them and to some extent well worked adversely on their fisheries. Here was friction material enough and it soon came to fight, a fight that first led to restrictions on the catch and 1904 the total catch ban in the northernmost Norway. Precisely because the fight got so important consequences, it was eager to investigate the cause of it and to provide as far as possible an impartial representation of this conflict that eventually took quite large proportions and came to play a certain role in Norwegian political life in the period around the turn of the century.